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El Salvador (the indigenous called it Cuzcatlán, which means "Land of Precious Jewels"), has 320 km of beaches on the Pacific Ocean, with many majestic volcanos, marvelous lakes and lagoons, tropical forests, natural parks and impressive archeological sites. As a result, this small, hardly discovered country offers a large diversity of attractions. Elsalvador map
'Hot dog' is universal Pelourinho El Salvador has a population of approximately 7.2 million people. It is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the north and east by Honduras, and to the south by the Pacific Ocean. El Salvador is the smallest (21,400 square kilometers) yet most densely populated nation on the American mainland, and also the most industrialized country in Central America. It is divided in 14 departments or provinces. It has 25 volcanoes, 14 lakes, and 4 large cities. Its origin comes from the ancient civilization of the Pipils. Its official name is Republic of El Salvador (Spanish: República de El Salvador). The country was named after the Spanish word for "The Savior," in honor of Jesus Christ. San Salvador office building El Salvador is not a country for pessimists. This small land has endured more than its share of war, poverty and natural disasters. And you'll see the scars of these -- if that's what you're Getting water looking for. But look a little closer and you'll also see the resilience and optimism such tragedy can inspire. Poor communities such as Ilobasco and La Palma have become renowned for their handicrafts and folk art. The National Civilian Police (PNC), created in the wake of war, seem to be earnest about improving the safety of the country. Volcanic eruptions may have wiped out whole villages, but one around AD 600 preserved the ancient Maya community of Joya de Ceren for today's tourists.

El Salvador has not developed their tourist industry the way say, Costa Rica has. The major activities tend to be self-guided, and self-propelled.

República de El Salvador
Republic of El Salvador
Flag of El Salvador
Coat of arms of El Salvador
Coat of arms
Motto: Dios, Unión, Libertad
(Spanish: God, Union, Liberty)
National anthem: Himno Nacional de El Salvador
Location of El Salvador
Capital San Salvador
13°40′N 89°10′W
Largest city San Salvador
Official language Spanish
Government Republic
 - President Antonio Saca
 - From Spain September 15, 1821 
 - From the UPCA 1842 
 - Total 21,040 km² (153rd)
8,124 sq mi 
 - July 2006 est. 7,104,999 (97th)
 - 1992 census 5,118,599
 - Density 318.7/km² (32nd)
823.6/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2005 estimate
 - Total $34.15 billion (93rd)
 - Per capita 4,700 (108th)
HDI (2003) 0.722 (104th) – medium
Currency US dollar (USD)
Time zone (UTC -6)
Internet TLD .sv

Water Activities

Perfect surfing

El Salvador's surfing is making waves
El Salvador is a secretive surfing paradise, warm water, many point breaks and zero crowds. Follow La Libertad in your 4X4 to different breaks, using swell conditions and you own ability as your guide. Use local information, and rent boards for under $20 per day.

Kayak surfing

Try surfing a different way, like the Polynesians, rent a surf kayak or wave ski. Friendly local guides know the ideal spots ideal for this unique sport where crowds are never a problem. Some offer an introductory lesson and/or video to get you started.

Kayak tours

Sea Kayaking in El Salvador.   Paddling several types of Kayaks is ideal for wherever you go in El Salvador, along outcrop cliffs, touching on sandy beaches, and up river mouths. For a break, take a quick dip in a salt water fed pool in the coral.


There are three climates zones which vary according to the altitude above sea level, which are: Warm land or hot tropical savannas, from 0 to 600 meters, template lands from 600 to 1200 meters, and cold lands or height tropical climate, from 1200 to 2700 meters. There are two seasons and two transitions periods during the year: a dry season from November to April and rainy season from May to October, and approximately a 30 day transition in between. Overall, the sun shines in El Salvador 360 days a year, and the average temperature is around 80 F.


The coast of small El Salvador is blessed with a large number of absolutely different beach attractions. In Ahuachapán, for instance, at the beach Barra de Santiago, visitors can cross by boat through the dense mangrove swamps and discover spectacular virgin beaches. The largest coral reef on the Central American Pacific coast can be visited starting at the beach Los Cóbanos which is just 85 km away from San Salvador. The city of Sihuapilapa invites visitors to one of the most beautiful landscapes of the Pacific coast in El Salvador. And for surfers, the beach El Sunzal is ideal. The most famous beach is possibly Costa del Sol. Here many hotels are located directly on the beach. The most beautiful and largest beach, however, is said to be El Cuco. And those who are just looking for some relaxation should visit El Tamarindo, as here the sea is absolutely calm and perfect for swimming. From La Barra de Santiago in Ahuachapan Department to the set of beaches of El Tamarindo in Union Department, the country has over three hundred kilometers of Pacific shoreline. With a tropical climate and beautiful rock and cliff formations and lush vegetation, Salvador's coast is frequented by tourists and citizens.

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